JULIUS Caesar was obliged for building the absolute Roman Empire, invaded Britain twice, was killed in a domestic manoeuvre and is one of the many famous men to have ever lived.
The feared tyrant had been branded Father of his Country but sent ripples of anger and jealousy by the Roman senate.
Who was Julius Caesar?
Julius Caesar was a politician innate in 100 BC, who served as ubiquitous of the Roman Republic between 60 and 68 BC.
Under his rule, the sovereignty cowed the whole of complicated France and Belgium.
Despite two catastrophic attempts at invading Britain, in 55BC and again in 54BC, Caesar returned to Italy a hero, having crushed Gallic forces opposite Europe in the Gallic wars.
After defeating Republican forces in the indirect polite war, Caesar took control of the Empire as a dictator.
He used his energy to lift out much-needed reform, relieving debt, swelling the senate, building the Forum Iulium and reworking the calendar.
Caesar’s aspiration and audacity eventually led to his downfall, when a organisation of Republican senators assassinated him in 44 BC.
On 1 Jan 42 BC, Caesar became the first chronological Roman to be deified, when he was posthumously postulated the pretension ‘the boundless Julius’.
Why did he invade Britain?
During the Gallic Wars, Caesar invaded Britain twice in 55 and 54 BC wanting to make it partial of the Roman empire.
His first advance was catastrophic and the Romans gained little else besides a beachhead on the seashore of Kent before retreating.
He returned the next year with 30,000 soldiers and prisoner a Celtic hill-fort before retreating again – determining Britain wasn’t worth a prolonged war.
Was he married to Cleopatra?
While marry to Calpurnia, who he stayed married to for the residue of his wife, Caesar had several mistresses.
One of these was Cleopatra VII, the black of Egypt, with whom he had a son, Caesarion.
Cleopatra was pleasing and Caesar fell for her – abandoning his plans to apparatus Egypt and instead subsidy Cleopatra’s explain to the throne.
The span never married but she followed him to Rome, returning to Egypt after his death in 44 BC.
Why was Julius Caesar killed?
His assassination on March 15, 44BC is one of the many scandalous events in history.
Cassius Longinus started the tract against the tyrant – getting his brother-in-law Marcus Brutus to join.
But as he entered the gymnasium at the Senate at Teatro di Pompeo, Caesar was surrounded by senators holding daggers.
Servilius Casca struck the first blow before other senators assimilated in.
As Brutus knifed Caesar in the groin, the tyrant is pronounced to remarked: “You too, my child?”
Caesar suffered 23 gash wounds but only one of them was fatal.
Thanks to the Shakespeare play, the sheer warning of the soothsayer: “Beware the ides of March,” means that people always remember Mar 15.