The series of people killed by police in 2015 was undercounted by some-more than half, a new study from Harvard shows.
The law enforcement-related deaths were not documented on subjects’ death certificates — generally in lower-income counties, and when the deaths were the outcome of using Tasers.
Data collected by the Guardian, however, prisoner a vast infancy of the deaths that were not strictly counted as law enforcement-related.
The Harvard study, entitled “Quantifying underreporting of law-enforcement-related deaths in United States critical statistics and news-media-based information sources: A capture-recapture analysis,” was saved by the Open Society Foundations and was published Oct. 10 in PLoS Medicine.
“To effectively residence the problem of law enforcement-related deaths, the open needs better information about who is being killed, where, and under what circumstances,” pronounced Justin Feldman, doctoral tyro at Harvard Chan School and the study’s lead author.
Feldman pronounced that central information from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control’s National Vital Statistics System (NVSS) joined with The Guardian’s information set, gathered from media reports, paints a much some-more accurate mural of the series of police killings.
According to the study, there were 1,166 law-enforcement associated deaths in 2015, 599 of which were reported in The Guardian only.
The NVSS documented 44.9% of the sum series of deaths and The Guardian’s list documented 93.1%.
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Misclassification rates for police-related deaths were aloft than 60% among several groups, including people under 18, blacks, people killed by Tasers, and people killed in low-income counties.
In many cases, the misclassification occurred since the coroner or medical investigator unsuccessful to request police impasse on the death certificate, the study found.
Senior author of the study Nancy Krieger is job for laws requiring that police report all law-enforcement associated deaths to state open health authorities be implemented. She also believes that state officials should embody deaths documented in media reports in their central tally.
“As with any open health outcome or exposure, the only way to know the bulk of the problem, and either it is getting better or worse, requires that information be uniformly, validly, and reliably obtained via the U.S.,” she said.
“Our results show the country is descending brief of accurately monitoring deaths due to law coercion and work is indispensable to pill this problem.”
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