The Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded jointly to John B. Goodenough, M. Stanley Whittingham and Akira Yoshino for a growth of lithium-ion batteries.
“Lithium-ion batteries have revolutionized a lives and are used in all from mobile phones to laptops and electric vehicles,” a Nobel Committee said. “Through their work, this year’s Chemistry Laureates have laid a substructure of a wireless, hoary fuel-free society,”
Göran K. Hansson, a secretary-general of a Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, done a proclamation on Wednesday in Stockholm.
The Academy pronounced that Goodenough of a University of Texas during Austin, who was innate in 1922 in Germany, is during 97 a oldest-ever Nobel laureate. The esteem is common with U.K.-born Whittingham of Birmingham University and Yoshino with Meijo University in Japan.
In a early 1970s, Whittingham grown a initial organic lithium-ion battery and in a following decade, Goodenough found a approach to double a battery’s potential. Yoshino done a battery safer by expelling a need for pristine lithium, a rarely reactive metal.
Japanese chemist Akira Yoshino speaks during Global Energy Prize endowment rite in St. Petersburg, Russia, in 2013.
The Nobel in Chemistry is a third esteem awarded so distant this year. The Nobel in Physiology and Medicine was announced Monday and Physics on Tuesday.
John Goodenough of a University of Texas, wears his National Medal of Science during a rite in a East Room of a White House in Washington, in 2013.
Past recipients of a prestigious endowment have enclosed Ernest Rutherford, who won in 1908 for his work on “the destruction of elements, and a chemistry of hot substances” and Marie Curie in 1911 for her find of a elements radium and polonium. Last year, a endowment went to Frances H. Arnold “for a destined expansion of enzymes,” George P. Smith and Sir Gregory P. Winter “for a phage arrangement of peptides and antibodies.”
Frederick Sanger, who won in 1958 and 1980 is a usually Nobel laureate to have won in Chemistry twice.
The Nobel this year includes 9-million kronor ($918,000) in money separate between a recipients.