Since the time immemorial, it has been an essay of faith of every Muslim that self-murder is ‘Haram’ (prohibited) in Islam. There is a apparent Islamic injunction that whoever commits self-murder will go true to hell. But the Takfirists (those who announce others as heretics) have invented a new interpretation of Islam in which self-murder is saved as ‘martyrdom’ and self-murder bombing is employed as a arms to means widespread fear.
Historically, self-murder bombing as a arms of fight was invented by the Tamil Tigers during the eighties in their fight against the Sri Lankan armed forces. The Tamils are a Hindu racial organisation of northern Sri Lanka who were marginalized by the Buddhist infancy and they led a polite fight in the country from 1976 until they were degraded by the Sri Lankan armed forces’ Northern Offensive in 2009.
Among the Muslims, self-murder bombing as a tactical arms was first adopted by the Islamic Jihad in the Israel-Palestine brawl during the Second Intifada that lasted from 2000 to 2005. Then the transnational terrorists of al-Qaeda adopted self-murder bombing as a arms of choice in some of their brazen terror attacks in the US and Europe. And after that, all the informal belligerent groups – including the Taliban in Afghanistan, al-Shabab in Somalia, Boko Haram in Nigeria and the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria – have also adopted self-murder bombing as a tactical arms in their rebellions against informal adversaries.
The phenomena of militancy and rebellion anywhere in the universe has reduction to do with eremite extremism and some-more with the diseased command of state in remote farming and genealogical areas of the Third World’s bankrupt countries, which is infrequently serve exacerbated by counsel defending of certain belligerent groups by informal and global players.
The Afghan jihadists of today, for instance, are a bequest of the Cold War when they were lerned and armed by the CIA against the former Soviet Union with the help of Pakistan’s confidence agencies and the Gulf’s petro-dollars. Similarly, the Islamic State’s militants in Syria and Iraq are a product of Washington’s substitute fight in Syria in which Sunni militants were lerned and armed in the limit regions of Turkey and Jordan to battle the Shi’a-led supervision in Syria in sequence to enclose the Shi’a rebellion comprised of Iran, Syria and their Lebanon-based proxy, Hezbollah, which constituted a hazard to Israel’s informal security.
In sequence to empirically infer the indicate that militancy anywhere in the universe has reduction to do with the avowed beliefs or sacrament of militants and some-more with geo-political factors, here is a brief list of some of the new non-Muslim insurgencies around the world:
First, as we have already described, the Tamil Tigers of Sri Lanka who invented self-murder bombing as a tactic of fight were Hindus.
Second, the Naxalite-Maoist rebellion in India’s north-east that has been distracted given 1967 and has claimed tens of thousands of lives has been comprised of Hindus.
Third, the rebellion of the FARC rebels in Colombia that lasted from 1964 to 2017 and claimed hundreds of thousands of lives was a brawl among the Christians.
Fourth, the Northern Ireland brawl that lasted from 1968 to 1998 and claimed thousands of casualties was a brawl between the Protestants and the Catholics.
Fifth, Joseph Kony’s Lord’s Resistance Army that operated in Uganda, South Sudan, Central African Republic and Congo given 1987 were Christians and animists.
Sixth, the Nuer rebellion led by Riek Machar against his former fan President Salva Kiir’s Dinka genealogical organisation given Dec 2013 in South Sudan which has claimed tens of thousands of lives has been a brawl among the Christians.
Seventh, the Hutu-Tutsi brawl that led to the Rwandan genocide in 1994 and claimed hundreds of thousands of lives was also a brawl among the Christians.
And lastly, all the belligerents of the Second Congo War that lasted from 1998 to 2003 and claimed millions of fatalities were non-Muslims.
Keeping all this experimental justification in mind, it becomes abundantly transparent that Islam as a sacrament is just as pacific or ‘violent’ as Christianity, Hinduism and Buddhism; and holding a cursory demeanour at the list, it also becomes apparent that the common denominator among all these manifold insurgencies has not been religion.
Since many of these insurgencies have influenced the bankrupt and dull regions of Asia, Africa and Latin America, so the only legitimate end that can be drawn from this fact is that militarization and diseased command of impoverished, building states has radically been obliged for breeding an collection of belligerent groups in their remote farming and genealogical hinterlands. That’s the only common denominator among these differently separate list of insurgencies.
The base factors that have especially been obliged for spawning militancy and terrorism anywhere in the universe are not sacrament or beliefs of militants but socio-economics, racial diversity, marginalization of disenfranchised ethno-linguistic and ethno-religious groups and the indirect conflicts; socio-cultural backwardness of the influenced regions, and the diseased executive control of the bankrupt building states over their territory, which is mostly exacerbated by counsel training and defending of certain belligerent groups that were used at some indicate of time in story as proxies by their informal and global patrons.
After invading and occupying Afghanistan and Iraq and when Washington’s ‘nation-building’ projects unsuccessful in those untimely countries, the US policymakers immediately satisfied that they were confronting large-scale and popularly-rooted insurgencies against unfamiliar occupation; consequently, the occupying military altered its CT (counter-terrorism) proceed in the preference of a COIN (counter-insurgency) strategy. A COIN strategy is radically opposite from a CT proceed and it also involves dialogue, negotiations and domestic settlements, alongside the coercive strategy of law coercion and military and paramilitary operations on a singular scale.
Finally, incompatible large-scale insurgencies, even if we take a cursory demeanour at some particular acts of terrorism, the Virginia Tech sharpened in Apr 2007 that claimed 32 lives was perpetrated by a South Korean Seung-Hui Cho, then a Norwegian far-right militant Anders Behring Breivik shot passed 77 students on the island of Utoya, Norway, in Jul 2011, after that, Adam Lanza carried out the Sandy Hook Elementary Schools electrocute in Dec 2012 by killing 27 people including 20 children, and some-more recently, Stephen Paddock committed one of the misfortune mass shootings in the US story by killing 58 people in cold blood at the Las Vegas Strip in October.
Nauman Sadiq is an Islamabad-based attorney, columnist and geopolitical researcher focused on the politics of Af-Pak and Middle East regions, neocolonialism and petro-imperialism.